The county of Odemira is characterized by its immense landscape diversity, extending between the plain, the mountains and the sea, in a total of 1720,25 km2, to which the Mira river and the Santa Clara dam give a special mark.
In area, this is the largest county in the whole Portugal, despite having only a little more than 26 thousand inhabitants.
Its territory is divided into 13 parishes, each with its particularities: Reliquias, Sabóia, São Luís, São Martinho das Amoreiras, Vila Nova de Milfontes, Luzianes-Gare, Boavista dos Pinheiros, Longueira / Almograve, Colos, Santa Clara- A-Velha, São Salvador and Santa Maria, São Teotónio and Vale Santiago.
The municipality is organized according to three different territorial / economic ranges:
- In the coastal strip there are small beaches that cut the cliffs and the traditional fishing ports that offer the best gastronomic riches of the Portuguese coast. Of its 55 km of Atlantic coast, 12 km are of sand beach, of which Malhão, Milfontes, Franquia, Farol, Furnas, Almograve, Zambujeira and Carvalhal, provide a perfect combination of rest and natural beauty. The whole coastal area of the county is integrated in the Sudoeste Alentejo and Costa Vicentina Natural Park. The coast has the greatest expression of local tourism in its main tourist areas: Vila Nova de Milfontes, Almograve and Zambujeira do Mar (accommodation, animation and catering companies). Most of the livestock production (mainly the production of Limousine and Holstein Friesian cattle) and the fundamental agricultural production of the territory, such as horticulture, fruit growing and intensive floriculture, also occur on the coast. This whole area benefits from the irrigation infrastructure of the Mira and a micro-climate based on zero frost.
- The central strip, cutting the county from south to north, makes the orographic transition between the moor, dominant in the coastal strip, and the mountain range, dominant in the inner band. In this space we find the main urban agglomerations of the Municipality, such as S. Teotónio, Boavista dos Pinheiros, Odemira and S. Luís. This central area corresponds to the public services area, the main commercial units and the main business parks.
- The interior of the county, marked by a rugged landscape, is the stage for the largest forest spot in the country, be it native (cork and holm oak) or exotic (such as eucalyptus).
Associated with this forest spot, the agricultural and livestock sector of extensive farming (cattle, sheep and goat farming) mark the physical and economic landscape of a large area of the county that is structured, to the south, by the Santa Clara-a-Velha dam and to the north by its integration in the traditional Alentejo plain.